Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease which is characterized by increase of blood sugar concentration and wrong glucose metabolism, either as a result of decreased insulin secretion, or due to reduction of the sensitivity of body cells to insulin.

 

Diabetic RetinopathyDiabetic Retinopathy


According to the World Health Organization, in 2006, patients with diabetes exceeded 170 million worldwide, a figure which is expected to be double by 2030, as the incidence of diabetes increases rapidly.
It is estimated that in Greece, the 5.9% of the general population suffers from diabetes. The disease may cause a range of serious complications in adults and children, such as cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, nerve damage and eye problems.